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Pan-Indianism and Decolonial Challenges to Allotment

Pan-Indianism and Decolonial Challenges to Allotment

(p.103) Chapter Five Pan-Indianism and Decolonial Challenges to Allotment
American Indians and the Rhetoric of Removal and Allotment
Jason Edward Black
University Press of Mississippi

Chapter Five analyzes the fashion in which American Indians decolonially challenged the allotment policy, and did so in part by restructuring their dependent – and the government’s self-professed paternal and controlling – identities codified in the Dawes Act. American Indians crafted their rebukes to the policy through petitions, memorials, biographical and literary works and public speeches that served to interrogate the identity duality that was entrenched in the allotment scheme. Specifically, the chapter argues that American Indians gave voice to this dualism and these identity constructions, signifying both the hybrid relationship between the U.S. government and Native communities and the decolonizing power of indigenous voice in exposing the government’s contradictions. That is, Dawes era Native discourses pierced the mythos of republicanism and paternalism that the government imbricated, thus revealing the incongruence of the allotment policy’s promises of citizenship combined with further exclusion.

Keywords:   Allotment, Decolonization, Identity Duality, Detournement, Sovereignty

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